Type 3 Fighter Hien
Type 3 Fighter Flying Swallow
No.176 三式戦 飛燕
Interceptor Fighter Icon 2.png Land-based Fighter
Effects: AA+8 Anti-Bomber+1 Interception+3
Combat Radius: 3 (Deployment Cost: Bauxite 7)
Scrap value: Fuel 1 Ammo 2 Bauxite 6 (Unbuildable)

Type 3 Fighter Hien 176 Card.png

Type 3 Fighter Hien 176 Character.png

Type 3 Fighter Hien 176 Equipment.png

Type 3 Fighter Hien 176 Full.png

Refittable Class
Coastal Defense Ship Destroyer
Light Cruiser Torpedo Cruiser
Heavy Cruiser Training Cruiser
Aviation Cruiser Fast Battleship
Battleship Aviation Battleship
Light Carrier Standard Aircraft Carrier
Armored Carrier Seaplane Tender
Submarine Aircraft Carrying Submarine
Submarine Tender Fleet Oiler
Repair Ship Amphibious Assault Ship

Introduction

かの国で開発された液冷エンジンを参考に開発された、液冷エンジンを装備した陸軍戦闘機、三式戦「飛燕」です。残念ながら信頼性に難があり、その実力を十分に発揮できませんでしたが、万全な状態であれば高い潜在力を持っています。

Developed using the liquid cooled engine developed in that country as a reference, this is an army fighter equipped with a liquid cooled engine, the Type 3 Fighter "Hien". Unfortunately there were problems with the reliability and it was unable to exert its full potential, but in ideal conditions it has lots of potential.''

Notes

Unbuildable

Category Ships with Type 3 Fighter Hien as stock equipment not found
Category Equipment that consume Type 3 Fighter Hien during improvement not found

Improvement

Interceptor Fighter Icon 2.pngType 3 Fighter Hien[Edit]
Improvement Cost: Fuel 100 Ammo 150 Steel 0 Bauxite 330 Development Material Improvement Material S M T W T F S Helper Ship
Consumes: 1x Carrier-based Fighter Aircraft Icon Simple.pngType 0 Fighter Model 21 0 6/7 2/3 A
K
A
K
A
K
Akitsu Maru (Kai)
Kasuga Maru (Taiyou/Kai/Kai Ni)
Consumes: 1x Carrier-based Fighter Aircraft Icon Simple.pngType 0 Fighter Model 32 6 8/10 3/5
Consumes: 1x Item Icon New Model Aerial Armament Material.pngNew Model Aerial Armament Material
3x Carrier-based Fighter Aircraft Icon Simple.pngType 0 Fighter Model 52

Produces: 1x Interceptor Fighter Icon 2 Simple.pngType 3 Fighter Hien Model 1D
10 12/20 6/10

Trivia

  • The plane shown above is a Type 3 Fighter, Model I B and the color scheme of the in-game artwork is based off that of the 149th Shinbu-tai, part of the 59th Squadron stationed at Ashiya Airfield, Fukuoka Prefecture.
  • The Hien received the code name "Mike" assuming it was the German Bf 109T built under license, later it was assumed it was Italian aircraft Macchi C.202 and fittingly renamed "Tony".
  • The very high pressure of the Mitsubishi fuel injection system led to fuel leakage and fuel line ruptures, problems with the ignition system, poor quality spark plugs causing pre-ignition or constant fouling, leaks in the coolant system due to poor castings which caused overheating and the quality of bearings caused many failures. Combined with the lack of experience of the maintenance crews with liquid-cooled engines, insufficient numbers of mechanics, inadequate maintenance facilities, lack of spare parts and adverse weather conditions, and this, combined with the number of aircraft available, ultimately proved crippling for the Hien.
  • On 18 April 1942 during the Doolittle Raid on Tokyo, the Hien made its debut as Major Yoshitsugu Aramaki (荒蒔儀次陸軍少将) and Warrant Officer Ryozaburo Umekawa (梅川亮三郎准尉) of the Flight Test Center had been flying the second and third Ki-61 prototypes in gunnery trials from Mito airfield when they were alerted to the raid. Through binoculars, they spotted a medium-sized aircraft with stars on its wings at an altitude of about 650 ft, and both pilots immediately decided to take off in an attempt to intercept it. However, the armorer officer, Captian Hashimoto, warned them that the two Hien prototypes were only loaded with practice ammunition of a non-explosive type, and he would need about 30 minutes to re-arm the aircraft with explosive rounds. Aramaki, therefore, decided to send Umekawa off first with the practice ammunition and then follow on in another prototype after it had been re-armed with the explosive rounds. After takeoff Umekawa encountered a B-25B Mitchell over Kasumigaura heading south at an altitude of about 1000 ft, and he made his first gunnery pass as the enemy aircraft crossed the coastline. Evading return fire from the bomber’s gun turret, he completed a second and third pass, noting that the gunner had ceased firing. His fire had hit the bomber near the wing root and he saw oil or fuel streaming back. Umekawa wanted to continue his attack, but by that stage his fuel was low and he decided to break off and return to base, rather than risk damaging the valuable prototype in a forced landing. Aramaki took off from Mito in the other prototype once it had been re-armed, setting off in pursuit of the B-25s. However, Zero fighters of the Japanese Navy's Yokosuka Air Group spotted his unfamiliar fighter and prepared to attack it. The Japanese military was aware of the impending carrier strike and had called its air defenses to readiness, but it was presumed that the raid would occur a day later on 19 April as the carrier would need to approach closer to the mainland to launch its fighters. Therefore, there was an expectation of encountering enemy fighters. As the Zeros came in to attack his Hien, Aramaki banked sharply to display the Japanese Hinomaru on his wings and waggled them to prevent a friendly fire incident. After this encounter he could not locate any enemy bombers and returned to base without engaging.
    • During the raid, WO Umekawa made his first pass against Lt. Everett W. Holstrom's B-25 (40-2282), while his second and third pass were against Capt. C. Ross Greening's B-25 (40-2249, aka "Hari Kari-er"). He didn't notice when he exchanged targets.
    • Greening's exact statement to the USAAF was that they had come under "sustained attack" by four aircraft of unknown type, described as ‘new model fighters closely resembling Zeros except for their inline engines’ with six machine guns in the wings.
  • The Hien first official deployment was with the 68th and 78th Squadrons in Boram Airfield, Wewak, New Guinea.
    • Taiyou carried the first elements of the 68th Squadron form Yokosuka to Truk as cargo, which arrived on 10 April. On their flight from Truk to Rabaul on 25 April 1943 bad weather struck and the group returned to Truk, Sargent Major Shoichi Ohki was lost. Two days later two groups of 13 and 14 Hiens each sortied again. The first group of 13 lost 10 of its planes, while the second group managed to arrive safely at Vunakanau. On 3 May a second ferry flight was attempted, but more aircraft were lost in the process.
      • The IJNAF's 751st Air Group (a Mitsubishi G4M unit) stationed in Vunakanau , were the first members of the Navy to see the Hien and were curious about the new army fighter.
  • The Hien, and the Japanese Navy's Suisei, Serian and Nanzan shared the same base design engine (the Daimler-Benz DB 601A). The Army operated Kawasaki's Ha-40, while the Navy operated the Aichi's Atsuta engine.

See also

[Edit]List · Gallery · By Stats · Development · Improvement · Overweight / Fit Gun · Visible Bonuses
Main Gun Small QF 4.7inch Mk.XII Kai · 12cm Single (Kai 2· 120mm/50 Twin · 12.7cm Single · 12.7cm Twin (Model A (Kai 2· Model B · Model C · Model D (Kai 3)) · 130mm B-13 Twin
AA 10cm Twin HA · 12cm Single HA · 12.7cm HA LM (Single · Twin· 12.7cm HA K2 (Single · Twin· 5inch Single Mk.30 (Kai)
AAFD 10cm Twin HA + AAFD · 12.7cm Twin Model A Kai 3 + AAFD · 12.7cm Twin Model B Kai 4 + AAFD · 5inch Single Mk.30 Kai + GFCS Mk.37
Medium 14cm Single · 14cm Twin (Kai· Bofors (15cm Twin 1938 (Kai· 15.2cm Twin 1930· 15.2cm Twin (Kai· 152mm/55 Triple (Kai· 6inch Twin Mk.16 (mod.2· 6inch Twin Mk.XXI · 15.5cm Triple (Kai· 20.3cm Twin ((No.2) · (No.3)· SKC34 20.3cm Twin · 203mm/53 Twin · 8inch Triple Mk.9 (mod.2)
AAFD 5inch Twin DP (+ GFCS Mk.37)
Large 30.5cm Triple (Kai· 35.6cm Twin (Dazzle Camo · Kai · Kai 2· Proto 35.6cm Triple (Kai Dazzle Camo) · 38cm Twin (Kai· 38cm Quad (Kai· 381mm/50 Triple (Kai· 38.1cm Twin (/N Kai· 41cm Twin (Kai 2· 41cm Triple Kai (Proto 41cm · Kai 2· 46cm Triple (Proto 46cm · Kai)
16inch

16inch Twin (Mk.I · Mk.V · Mk.VIII Kai· 16inch Triple Mk.6 (mod.2 · + GFCS· 16inch Triple Mk.7 (+ GFCS)
16inch Mk.I Triple (+ AFCT Kai · + FCR Type 284)

Large (II) 51cm Twin (Prototype)
Secondary Gun 15cm Twin · 15.2cm Single · OTO 152mm Triple · 15.2cm Triple · 15.5cm Triple (Kai)
AA 8cm Twin HA (Kai + Add. Machine Guns· 10cm Twin HA (Carriage) · 10.5cm Twin · 12.7cm Twin HA · 5inch Single HA
AAFD 90mm Single HA · 10cm Twin HA Kai + Add. Machine Guns · 12.7cm HA + AAFD · 5inch Twin Mk.28 mod.2
Anti-Air Machine Gun 7.7mm · 12.7mm Single · 2cm Flakvierling 38 · 25mm Single (Twin · Triple· 3.7cm FlaK M42 · Bi Type 40mm Twin · 12cm 30-tube Rocket Launcher (Kai 2· 20-tube 7inch UP Rocket Launchers
C.D. 25mm Triple (Concentrated Deployment) · Bofors 40mm Quad · QF 2-pounder Octo
Fire Director Type 91 Anti-Aircraft Fire Director · Type 94 Anti-Aircraft Fire Director
Torpedo Weapon Torpedo 53cm Twin · 53cm Oxygen Bow · 533mm Triple · 533mm Quint (Initial Model · Late Model· 61cm (Triple · Quad· 61cm Oxygen (Triple (Late Model· Quad (Late Model· Quint · Proto Sext)
Sub Submarine 53cm Bow (8 tubes) · Prototype FaT Type 95 Oxygen Torpedo Kai · Late Model Bow Torpedo Mount (6 tubes) (+ Skilled Sonar Personnel· Late Model 53cm Bow Torpedo Mount (8 tubes)
Midget Sub Kouhyouteki (Type A · Type C · Type D)
Carrier-based Aircraft Fighter Type 96 Fighter (Kai· Zero (Model 21 (Skilled · Iwamoto· Model 32 (Skilled· Model 52 (Skilled · 52A Iwamoto · 52C 601 · 52C Iwai· Model 53 (Iwamoto)) · Shiden (Kai 2 · Kai 4· Reppuu (Proto Late Model · Model 11 · 601 · Kai (Prototype) · Kai 2 (CarDiv 1/Skilled)) · Shinden Kai
Foreign

German: Bf 109T Kai · Focke-Wulf (Fw 190T Kai · Fw 190 A-5 Kai)
Italian: Reggiane (Re.2001 OR Kai · Re.2005 Kai)
American: Wildcat (F4F-3 · F4F-4· Hellcat (F6F-3  · F6F-5)  · XF5U
British: Fulmar · Seafire Mk.III Kai

Night Reppuu Kai 2 Model E (CarDiv 1/Skilled· Hellcat (F6F-3N · F6F-5N)
Torpedo Bomber Type 97 (Skilled · 931 (931/Skilled· Tomonaga · Murata· Tenzan (931 · 601 · Model 12A · Model 12 Tomonaga · Model 12 Murata· Ryuusei (601 · Kai (CarDiv 1 · CarDiv 1/Skilled)) · Re.2001 G Kai · Swordfish (Mk.II · Mk.III· TBD · TBF
Night TBM-3D · Type 97 Kai Model E (Skilled· Tenzan Model 12A Kai (Skilled)
Dive Bomber Type 99 (Skilled · Egusa· Suisei (Model 12A (634 w/Cluster Bombs · w/ Photo Fuze Bombs· Model 22 (634 (634/Skilled)) · Egusa · 601· Type 0 Fighter-bomber (Model 62 (Iwai· Model 63· Prototype Nanzan · Ju 87C Kai (Kai 2 (Skilled)) · SBD · F4U-1D · FM-2 · Skua · Re.2001 CB Kai · SB2U
Recon Saiun (Eastern Caroline · 4th Recon Squad· Type 2 Recon · Prototype Keiun
Seaplane Flying Boat Type 2 Large Flying Boat · PBY-5A Catalina
Recon Type 0 Recon (Model 11B · (Skilled)) · Type 0 Observation · Shiun · Type 98 Night Recon · Ar196 Kai · Ro.43 Recon · OS2U · S9 Osprey · Swordfish Mk.II Kai (Recon) · Fairey Seafox
Bomber Zuiun (Model 12 (634)) · Kai 2 (634 (634/Skilled)) · 631 · 634 (634/Skilled)) · Seiran (Prototype Seiran · 631· Laté 298B · Swordfish (Seaplane) (Mk.III Kai (Skilled))
Fighter Ro.44 Seaplane Fighter (bis· Type 2 Seaplane Fighter Kai (Skilled· Kyoufuu Kai
Land-based Aircraft Attack Type 96 · Type 1 (Nonaka · Model 22A · Model 34· Ginga (Egusa)
Patrol Toukai (Prototype · 901)
Fighter Interceptor Raiden · Shiden (Model 11 · Model 21 (Kai (343) 301st Sq.)) · Reppuu Kai (352 Air Group/Skilled· Shuusui (Prototype)
IJA/Foreign Type 1 Fighter Hayabusa (Model II (64th Sq.· Model III A (54th Sq.)) · Type 3 Fighter Hien (244 · Model 1D· Type 4 Fighter Hayate · Spitfire (Mk.I · Mk.V · Mk.IX· Fw 190 D-9 · Me 163B
LBAA-IJA Bomb-carrying Type 1 Fighter Hayabusa Model III Kai (65th Squadron)
Recon Type 2 LB Recon (Skilled)
Jets Fighter-Bomber Jet Keiun Kai · Kikka Kai
Anti-submarine Warfare Patroller Ka Type Observation Autogyro · O Type Observation Autogyro Kai (Kai 2· S-51J (Kai· Type 3 Command Liaison Aircraft (ASW)
Depth Charge Projector Type 94 Depth Charge Projector · Type 3 Depth Charge Projector (Concentrated Deployment· Type 2 12cm Mortar Kai (Concentrated Deployment· 15cm 9-tube ASW Rocket Launcher · RUR-4A Weapon Alpha Kai · Lightweight ASW Torpedo (Initial Test Model)
Racks Type 95 Depth Charge · Type 2 Depth Charge
Sonar Type 93 Passive Sonar · Type 3 Active Sonar · Type 0 Passive Sonar · Type 4 Passive Sonar · ASDIC (Type124 ASDIC · Type144/147 ASDIC · HF/DF + Type144/147 ASDIC)
Shell Type 3 Shell (Kai· Type 91 Armor Piercing Shell · Type 1 Armor Piercing Shell (Kai)
Anti-Ground WG42 (Wurfgerät 42) · Type 4 20cm Anti-ground Rocket Launcher (Concentrated Deployment)
Amphibious and Transport Landing Craft Daihatsu Landing Craft ((Type 89 Medium Tank & Landing Force)· Toku Daihatsu Landing Craft (+ 11th Tank Regiment· M4A1 DD
Tank Special Type 2 Amphibious Tank
Drum Drum Canister (Transport Use)
Material Saiun (Disassembled for Transport)
Radar Small Air Type 13 Air Radar (Kai· SG Radar (Initial Model) · GFCS Mk.37
Large Air Type 21 Air Radar (Kai· Type 42 Air Radar · 15m Duplex Rangefinder + Type 21 Radar Kai 2 · FuMO25 Radar · SK Radar (+ SG)
Small Surface Type 22 Surface Radar (Kai 4 (Calibrated Late Model)) · Type 33 Surface Radar
Large Surface Type 32 Surface Radar (Kai)
Submarine Submarine Radar (& Waterproof Telescope · & Passive Radiolocator ((E27) · Late Model))
Engine Turbine Improved Kanhon Type Turbine
Boiler Enhanced Kanhon Type Boiler · New Model High Temperature High Pressure Boiler
Bulge Anti-torpedo Bulge (Medium · Large· New Kanhon Design (Medium · Large· Pugliese Underwater Protection Bulkhead · Arctic Camouflage (+ Arctic Equipment)
Night Battle Aid Searchlight · Type 96 150cm Searchlight · Star Shell
Support Item Emergency Repair Personnel (Repair Goddess· Combat Ration ((Special Onigiri) · Canned Saury· Underway Replenishment
Personnel and Facility Fleet Command Facility (Striking Force· Ship Repair Facility · Skilled Carrier-based Aircraft Maintenance Personnel · Night Operation Aviation Personnel (+ Skilled Deckhands· Skilled Lookouts
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.